Modern Australia was founded with the influx of European settlers just over two hundred years ago, but the Aborigines inhabited the island continent for tens of thousands of years before that.
They numbered a few hundred thousand before the European influx. But two centuries of discrimination and expropriation followed, and at one point the indigenous population fell as low as 60,000. Australia’s politicians at first looked to Europe and the US in foreign policy, but in the past 20 years or so they have made their near neighbors a priority.
Australia has been colonized for above 42,000 years by aboriginal Australians, following the periodic visits of fishermen from Europe and discovery of Dutch voyagers in 1606. Later in 1770, the eastern part of Australia was claimed by British who transported convicts to New South Wales in 1788. Many of the first settlers were thus British convicts. Free settlers arrived in increasing numbers, particularly after the discovery of gold in the mid-19th century.
In 19th century, another five colonies were explored. On 1 January 1901, Australia was formed with the federation of 6 colonies. Since then it has maintained a constant liberal democratic political system. Canberra is the capital city located in Australian Capital Territory (ACT )and population is approx. 21,511,788 as in March 2009. Among them 60% has concentrated in and around the state capitals of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide. Today, 99% of the population is of European or Asian descent.
Australia has a prosperous and mixed economy in western-style with a per capita GDP in excess of many urbanized countries like, UK, Germany, and France. It is ranked third in the United Nations in 2007 and sixth in The Economist in 2005. By the end of March 2008, the GDP per capita of Australia was about $ 824.9 Billion (CIA World Factbook). The inflation rate was 4.7% per annum and 4.5% of unemployment rate in 2008. Service sector constitutes 69% of GDP, whereas agriculture and natural resources constitute 3% and 5% of GDP respectively. These statistical facts advocate that there is excellent scope for career formation in every sector.
Australia has trade exports of coal, iron ore, non-monetary gold, crude petroleum and bovine meat to China, Japan, South Korea, which has amounted $ 178.9 Billion in 2008. It imports passenger motor vehicles, computers, medicaments and telecommunication equipments from China, US, Japan, Singapore and Germany, which has amounted to $ 187.2 Billion.
In Australia, you have the freedom to choose a path that suits your particular goals. There are thousands of courses on offer.
Whichever course you choose, you'll experience a unique kind of education. Studying in Australia promotes innovative, creative and independent thinking. You'll learn to work as part of a team, to communicate effectively with others and to develop the practical skills and intellectual abilities you need for global success.
Most importantly, you'll learn how to use your initiative. Your teachers will encourage you to think of original, practical solutions to real-world problems. Upon graduation, your qualification will make you highly sought after by Australian and international employers.
The Australian education system has a strong international reputation and is known for its effective structure and innovative policy developments. Many other countries, eager to improve their own education systems, turn to Australia for advice.
Australia is also one of the best places to live. It is a young, vibrant and friendly country in which students can live, learn and grow. So if you want a quality education and a good lifestyle, Australia's the place to be.
There are 39 universities in Australia offering Bachelor degrees, Master's degrees, Doctorate, Postgraduate certificates and Postgraduate Diplomas that are recognized throughout the world. Universities are established under legislation and set their own academic requirements within strict legislative guidelines.
As part of its commitment to the high quality of Australia's higher education, the Australian Government has established the Australian Universities Quality Agency (AUQA). This agency is tasked with ensuring high quality of teaching and learning, research and management standards in Australian universities through a panel of expert senior academics and administrators. Higher education research: There is a strong culture and tradition of leading research in Australian universities that has been internationally recognized.
Australia has an integrated nationwide system of qualifications, known as the Australian Qualification Framework (AQF), which is recognized by the Australian Government. Under this, students can move easily from one level of study to the next and receive credit for previous study. It brings together the qualifications offered at different levels.
There are several institutions offering Vocational courses offering Certificate and Associate Degree programs (equivalent to +2 level in India), which are highly popular for their employment potential. TAFE colleges and private institutions are highly popular in offering Vocational programs. The vast range of courses includes information technology, business and management, marketing and communications, health, science, design and the arts, television production and media, environmental studies and land management, sport and recreation, engineering and building, and hospitality and tourism. English language training and university preparation courses are also offered. TAFE courses most appropriate for students from India and neighboring Asian Countries are at Certificate II, III, IV, Associate Diploma, Diploma and Advanced Diploma level and are normally of two-year duration.
After the vocational level, admission is possible at the undergraduate level, which offers Bachelor's degrees. The subsequent level is the Post-graduate, where Master's programs are offered. Interestingly, the three-year degrees from India are acceptable for direct admission into Master's level programs in Australian universities. At the Master's level, the focus is more on research, though most universities are offering professional master's degrees too, that are suitable for gainful employment. A good academic record in Bachelors degree from a recognized university is necessary. Any work experience in the field will be helpful. For most of the MBA programs, students need to have 2-5 years of work experience along with their Bachelors Degree, in addition to good GMAT scores.
ACE, study australia's gamut of services provide total assistance and guidance about the education system, studying at all levels in your country of choice and plan your total process, right from pre-application to visa, in a professional and result-oriented manner. For more information about our services, please click here If you have any queries, use our helpline
The main intake for all Australian Institutions is February. Every university opens admissions for all courses that they offer, for the February intake. There is also a Mid-year intake offered by some Australian Universities during July. It is important to keep in mind that, a university offering an intake in February might not necessarily offer all the courses that they have on list, during the mid year intake. Whether or not a University will offer a July intake can be found out on the university website , university brochures or from our career counselors. Some universities also follow November – summer intake. It is available only for limited number of universities and limited courses.
Make an application to the institution of choice through ACE.
The institution will make an offer of admission based on qualifications after assessing the application.
Submit a Pre Visa Assessment (PVA) application to the Immigration Section of the Australian High Commission through ACE
For admission into any level of programs, IELTS is required for admission and for visa purpose as well.
For Master's level programs in Sciences, Engineering and Education this is the only requirement. Unlike the US, a score in GRE is not required. At the same time, some universities prefer applicants with a GRE score.
However, for admission into MBA programs, decent GMAT score, in addition to IELTS and relevant work experience of at least 2-3 years is required along with good academic background.
All international students in Australia are required to have medical insurance. The overseas Student Health Cover (OSHC) charge of A$ 274 is payable before the student visa is issued.
As there are no grading/rating of universities, students are advised to go through the program structure and course content. Reputations are built over a long period and universities are known for their specific faculties.
To start with, the student should collect various brochures and prospectus for different institutions and do a comparative analysis of the institutions, vis-à-vis course details, tuition fee, standing of the university etc.
The average tuition fee for different programs can be: (Australian $ per annum)
|Diploma||9,000 – 14,000|
|Bachelors Degree||14,000 – 35,000|
|Masters degree||15,000 – 36,000|
Accommodation and living expenses For accommodation, students have a number of options available that can be on-campus or off-campus such as hostels, rented housing, homestay etc. The cost of living can vary depending on the city. However, on an average, a student would need be A$ 18,000 per annum. This amount would cover accommodation on rent, food, clothing, transport etc.